Medical doctors are generally trained to take care of our health but eventually become specialists in different parts of our body and even for various ages.
There are doctors who specialise in taking care of children’s health, eye problems, heart issues, bone and muscle problems and many others.
Having a proper knowledge of these different different type of doctors will guide you when you need to see a specialist.
Here are the most common types of doctors you’ll likely find around.
Audiologists specialize in ear related issues, particularly with regard to hearing loss in children. These doctors work with deaf and mute children to assist in their learning to communicate.
They treat immune system disorders such as asthma, eczema, food allergies, insect sting allergies, and some autoimmune diseases.
An andrologist is a specialist doctor that helps in diagnosing and treating male reproductive system disorders
These doctors give drugs to numb pain especially for surgery, childbirth, and other procedures. They monitor one’s vital signs when under anesthesia.
They are experts on the heart and blood vessels. You might see them for heart failure, a heart attack, high blood pressure, or an irregular heartbeat.
6. Colon and Rectal Surgeons
They treat colon cancer, hemorrhoids, and inflammatory bowel disease. They also can do colonoscopy and other tests for colon cancer.
These doctors specialize in human mouth, teeth and gum. They help in preventing and detecting various different issues such as cavities and bleeding gums.
Dermatologists treats skin and the structures, functions and diseases related to it.
These are experts in hormones and metabolism. They can treat conditions like diabetes, thyroid problems, infertility, and calcium and bone disorders.
10. Emergency Medicine Specialists
These doctors make life-or-death decisions for sick and injured people, usually in an emergency room. Their job is to save lives and to avoid or lower the chances of disability.
11. Family Physicians
They care for the whole family, including children, adults, and the elderly. They do routine checkups and screening tests, give flu and immunization shots, and manage diabetes and other ongoing medical conditions.
These are specialists in diseases of the blood, spleen, and lymph glands, like sickle cell disease, anemia, hemophilia, and leukemia.
13. Infectious Disease Specialists
They diagnose and treat infections in any part of your body, like fevers, Lyme disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, and HIV and AIDS. Some of them specialize in preventive medicine or travel medicine
These primary-care doctors treat both common and complex illnesses, usually only in adults. You’ll likely visit them or your family doctor first for any condition. Internists often have advanced training in a host of subspecialties, like heart disease, cancer, or adolescent or sleep medicine.
They treat kidney diseases as well as high blood pressure and fluid and mineral imbalances linked to kidney disease.
These are specialists in the nervous system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. They treat strokes, brain and spinal tumors, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.
17. Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Often called OB/GYNs, these doctors focus on women’s health, including pregnancy and childbirth. They do Pap smears, pelvic exams, and pregnancy checkups. OB/GYNs are trained in both areas. But some of them may focus on women’s reproductive health (gynecologists), and others specialize in caring for pregnant women (obstetricians).
These internists are cancer specialists. They do chemotherapy treatments and often work with radiation oncologists and surgeons to care for someone with cancer.
They can prescribe glasses or contact lenses and diagnose and treat diseases like glaucoma. Unlike optometrists, they are medical doctors who can treat every kind of eye condition as well as operate on the eyes.
They treat ailments concerned with the skeletal system, such as broken bone and arthritis.
They treat diseases in the ear, nose, throat, sinuses, head, neck, and respiratory system. They also can do reconstructive and plastic surgery on the head and neck.
These lab doctors identify the causes of diseases by examining body tissues and fluids under microscopes.
They care for children from birth to young adulthood. Some pediatricians specialize in pre-teens and teens, child abuse, or children’s developmental issues.
These specialists in physical medicine and rehabilitation treat neck or back pain and sports or spinal cord injuries as well as other disabilities caused by accidents or diseases.
25. Plastic Surgeons
You might call them cosmetic surgeons. In cases of severe injuries, diseases or cosmetic damages, plastic surgens rebuild or repair the skin, face, hands, breasts, or body.
They care for problems in the ankles and feet that may relate to injuries from accidents or sports or from ongoing health conditions like diabetes. Some podiatrists have advanced training in other subspecialties of the foot.
27. Preventive Medicine Specialists
They focus on keeping you well. They may work in public health or at hospitals. Some focus on treating people with addictions, illnesses from exposure to drugs, chemicals, and poisons, and other areas.
These doctors work with people with mental, emotional, or addictive disorders. They can diagnose and treat depression, schizophrenia, substance abuse, anxiety disorders, and sexual and gender identity issues. Some psychiatrists focus on children, adolescents, or the elderly.
You would see these specialists for problems like lung cancer, pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, and sleep troubles caused by breathing issues.
They use X-rays, ultrasound, and other imaging tests to diagnose diseases. They can also specialize in radiation oncology to treat conditions like cancer.
They specialize in arthritis and other diseases in the joints, muscles, bones, and tendons. They handle osteoporosis (weak bones), back pain, gout, tendinitis from sports or repetitive injuries, and fibromyalgia.
32. Sleep Medicine Specialists
They find and treat causes behind poor sleep. They may have sleep labs or give patients take-home tests to chart their sleep-wake patterns.
33. Sports Medicine Specialists
These doctors diagnose, treat, and prevent injuries related to sports and exercise.
34. General Surgeons
These doctors can operate on all parts of the body. They can take out tumors, appendices, or gallbladders and repair hernias. Many surgeons have subspecialties, like cancer, hand, or vascular surgery.
These are surgeons who care for men and women for problems in the urinary tract, like a leaking bladder. They also treat male infertility and do prostate exams.