Saudi Arabia’s King Salman has removed his nephew, Mohammed bin Nayef, as crown prince and installed his son Mohammed bin Salman.
The removal of Nayef, 57, as crown price and as Interior Minister, completes a gradual removal of powers from him
According to a royal decree issued by the official Saudi Press Agency on Wednesday, Mohammed bin Salman, 31, was also named deputy prime minister, and maintains his post as minister of defence.
His appointment caps a tumultuous two years since Salman, 81, ascended the throne and named the thick-bearded Mohammed bin Salman deputy crown prince, or second in line to the throne.
Salman had already set a precedent for removal of a crown prince when, in April 2015, he appointed Mohammed bin Nayef and fired Prince Moqren bin Abdul Aziz bin Saud, who had assumed the post under the late King Abdullah.
The move left Mohammed bin Nayef as the first of the second generation, or grandsons of the kingdom’s founder, Abdul Aziz bin Saud, in line to lead the Islamic kingdom.
As deputy crown prince, he took on an unusual amount of responsibility, most prominently as the main proponent of a wide-ranging plan, Vision 2030, to bring social and economic change to the oil-dependent economy of a country where women’s rights are among the most restricted in the world.
He also chaired the Council of Economic and Development Affairs which coordinates economic policy, and oversaw a body overseeing state oil giant Saudi Aramco.
It was not immediately clear if Mohammed bin Salman would continue in those roles.
As defence minister he holds overall responsibility for the kingdom’s military intervention in Yemen. Saudi Arabia leads a coalition supporting the internationally-recognised Yemeni government against Iran-backed rebels.
A foreign diplomat had told AFP on Tuesday that Mohammed bin Nayef was politically “getting weaker, more marginalised”, after continuous chipping away at his powers and influence.